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画院简介

来源:画院发布时间:2013-08-15

中国国家画院是中华人民共和国文化部直属,集美术创作、研究、教育、收藏、普及和交流于一体的国家公益型事业单位。中国国家画院的前身是中国画研究院,1981年,在党中央和国务院领导同志的关怀支持下,中国画研究院正式成立,距今已有30多年的发展历史,期间诞生了很多在中国当代美术发展史上具有重要影响的艺术大师和美术作品。首任院长由著名中国画大家李可染先生担任,他和蔡若虹、叶浅予、黄胄等组成了第一届院领导集体;第二任院长刘勃舒;第三任院长龙瑞;现任院长杨晓阳,常务副院长卢禹舜,副院长张晓凌、张江舟、赵卫、曾来德、纪连彬。

中国国家画院下设国画院、书法篆刻院、油画院、版画院、雕塑院、美术研究院、公共艺术院和青年画院,分别由方增先、龙瑞、沈鹏、詹建俊、郭润文、黄永玉、广军、钱绍武、邵大箴、袁运甫、杜大恺等艺术家担任院长、执行院长、副院长,组成了国内一流的名家领导阵容。中国国家画院现有专业人员近300人,涵盖了国内美术界的名家、大家,堪称当今中国美术界第一流的国家美术团队。

中国国家画院在30年的发展历程中经历了三次变革:其前身是成立于1977年的文化部中国画创作组;1981年,经国务院批准,在创作组的基础上成立具备创作、研究、展览、交流、收藏、培训等多种功能的中国画研究院。中国画研究院的成立,是新时期中国美术全面复兴的重要标志,得到了叶剑英、李先念、万里、谷牧、姚依林、方毅等党和国家领导人的高度重视。万里、谷牧、姚依林、方毅等领导同志多次问过研究院的建设情况,并亲自参加了中国画研究院的成立大会。创立之初的中国画研究院云集了李可染、蔡若虹、叶浅予、黄胄、刘海粟、陆俨少、吴作人、李苦禅、张仃、华君武、蒋兆和、朱屺瞻、关山月、黎雄才、亚明、魏紫熙、宋文治、何海霞、田世光等一大批名家在此从事美术创作,为国家创作、保留了大量的美术精品。2006年,根据中国美术事业繁荣发展的需要,经中央机构编制委员会办公室批准,中国画研究院更名为中国国家画院。

在30多年的历程中,中国国家画院的发展与建设融注了四代院领导的心血,彰显了四任院长及领导班子清晰的学术理念。面对古老深厚的中国画传统,李可染院长倡导“用最大的功力打进去,用最大的勇气打出来”;面对西方文艺思潮的冲击,刘勃舒院长提倡“继承与坚守”;进入新世纪以来,针对美术创作研究中的西化风潮,龙瑞院长提出“贴近文脉、正本清源”;在通过对当下美术现状的深入调查研究后,以杨晓阳院长为首的第四代领导班子强调“中国精神、中国风格、中国标准”,提出“大美为真”的学术理念。

经过30多年的发展,在几代画院同仁的共同努力下,今天的中国国家画院已成为一个以创作、研究为中心,集展览交流、收藏陈列、教学培训、宣传出版等多种功能为一体的,专业齐全、设置完备的新型画院,并以其积极的学术作为,丰硕的创作研究成果,在中国美术界发挥着国家团队的引领和导向作用。

 The China National Academy of Painting is directly administrated by the China Ministry of Culture, and is a national public institution that combines artistic creation, research, education, collection and promotion under a single organization. The China National Academy of Painting began as the National Academy of Chinese Painting. It was established in 1981, under the care and support of the China State Council and other leaders. It has now enjoyed thirty years of development, during which it has produced many art masters and artworks that have been highly influential in the development of contemporary Chinese art. The first director of the China National Academy of Painting was famous Chinese painting master Li Keran. He was joined by Cai Ruohong, Ye Qianyu and Huang Zhou as the first leadership group at the academy. The second director was Liu Boshu. The third director was Long Rui. The current director is Yang Xiaoyang, the executive deputy director is Lu Yushun, and the deputy directors are Xie Yongquan, Zhang Xiaoling, Zhang Jiangzhou, Zhao wei, Zeng Laide and Ji Lianbin.
    The China National Academy of Painting oversees the Chinese Painting Academy, the Calligraphy and Seal Engraving Academy, the Oil Painting Academy, the Printmaking Academy, the Sculpture Academy, the Fine Art Research Institute, the Public Art Academy and the Youth Painting Academy, with Fan Zengxian, Long Rui, Shen Peng,  Zhan Jianjun, Guo Runwen, Huang Yongyu, Guang Jun Qian Shaowu, Shao Dazhen, Yuan Yunfu and Du Dakai serving as directors, executive directors and deputy directors, comprising a leadership of top Chinese artists. There are nearly 300 professionals working at the National Painting Academy at present, drawn from famous artists and masters of the Chinese art world.
    During its thirty years of development, the National Painting Academy went through three transformations. It began as the Chinese Painting Creative Team, founded under the auspices of the China Ministry of Culture in 1977. In 1981, with the approval of the State Council, the National Academy of Chinese Painting was established on the foundation of the Chinese Painting Creative Team, adding the functions of research, exhibitions, exchange, collection and training. The establishment of the National Academy of Chinese Painting was an important marker of the wholesale revival of Chinese fine art in this new era of Chinese history, and was viewed with great importance by China’s top party and government leaders such as Ye Jianying, Li Xiannian, Wan Li, Gu Mu, Yao Yilin and Fang Yi. Wan Li, Gu Mu, Yao Yilin and Fang Yi often asked about the status of the academy’s construction, At the time of its inception, the National Academy of Chinese Painting gathered together many famous painters such as Li Keran, Cai Ruohong, Ye Qianyu, Huang Zhou, Liu Haisu, Lu Yanshao, Wu Zuoren, Li Kuchan, Zhang Ding, Hua Junwu, Jiang Zhaohe, Zhu Qizhan, Guan Shanyue, Li Xiongcai, Ya Ming, Wei Zixi, Song Wenzhi, He Haixia and Tian Shiguang, who then engaged in large art creations in the service of the state, and preserving the best for posterity. In 2006, in response to the needs of a burgeoning Chinese fine art industry and backed by the approval of the Central Organizational Council Office, the National Academy of Chinese Painting changed its name to the China National Academy of Painting.
    Over the past three decades, the China National Academy of Painting’s development and construction have been infused with the spirit of four generations of leaders, embodying the clear academic approaches of the four successive directors and their leadership teams. Facing the ancient and venerated traditions of Chinese painting, director Li Keran promoted:using the utmost effort to strike within, and the utmost courage to strike without; facing the onslaught of western art thinking, director Liu Boshu promoted :continuity and perseverance; entering into a new millennium, director Long Rui promoted :staying close to our roots while engaging in a thorough overhaul regarding the westernizing trends in fine arts creative research; after engaging in a thorough investigation into the current state of fine art, the fourth generation of leaders, led by director Yang Xiaoyang, emphasized:Chinese spirit, Chinese style and Chinese standards and proposed ;the greatest beauty as truth as the core academic approach.
     Through thirty years of development and several generations of collective effort, the China National Academy of Painting is today a comprehensive new institution centered on artistic creation and research and combining the functions of exhibition, exchange, collection, training, promotion and publication. With its proactive academic approach and its many achievements in creation and research, it plays a leading role in the Chinese art world.